Diabetes Can Kill if Left Untreated

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Diabetes Can Now Be Effectively Controlled

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results in high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many serious acute and chronic complications.

Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness, kidney failure, amputations, heart failure and stroke.

In the last decade, the cases of people living with diabetes jumped almost 50 percent – to more than 30 million Americans. Worldwide, it afflicts more than 422 million people. 

There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:

  • Type 1 DM results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”. The cause is unknown.

  • Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as “non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”. The most common cause is excessive body weight and insufficient exercise.

  • Gestational diabetes occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.

Prevention and treatment of diabetes involves maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, a normal body weight, and avoiding tobacco. Controlling of blood pressure and maintaining proper foot care are important for people with diabetes. Type 1 DM must be managed with insulin injections. Type 2 DM may be treated with medications with or without insulin. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after the birth of the baby.

Ace Medical physicians are expert at diagnosing and controlling diabetes. 

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