Diabetes Can Now Be Effectively Controlled
Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness, kidney failure, amputations, heart failure and stroke.
In the last decade, the cases of people living with diabetes jumped almost 50 percent – to more than 30 million Americans. Worldwide, it afflicts more than 422 million people.
There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:
Type 1 DM results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”. The cause is unknown.
Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as “non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”. The most common cause is excessive body weight and insufficient exercise.
Gestational diabetes occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.
Prevention and treatment of diabetes involves maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, a normal body weight, and avoiding tobacco. Controlling of blood pressure and maintaining proper foot care are important for people with diabetes. Type 1 DM must be managed with insulin injections. Type 2 DM may be treated with medications with or without insulin. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after the birth of the baby.
Ace Medical physicians are expert at diagnosing and controlling diabetes.